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HELP MISHAP                                     Steven Hardy, March 1982
                                              Adrian Howard, August 1990
                                                   Aaron Sloman Oct 1990

    mishap(<string>, <list-of-culprits>);
        General error handler

        Error handler for relatively simple VED errors

         CONTENTS - (Use <ENTER> g to access required sections)

 -- Introduction
 -- vederror(<string>)
 -- The procedure mishap
 -- mishap(<args>, <integer>, <string>)
 -- mishap(<string>, <list of args>)
 -- What -mishap- does
 -- Redefining prmishap
 -- Using pop_default_prmishap to prevent prmishap being overridden
 -- Safety measures in -mishap-
 -- POPSYSCALL and the calling chain
 -- Error code abbreviations
 -- Further reading

-- Introduction -------------------------------------------------------

One of these procedures is called by the system whenever some error
condition is detected. The user can, except in certain limited
situations, alter the behaviour of default error handlers.

-- vederror(<string>) -------------------------------------------------

This procedure handles simple editing errors for which -mishap- would be
overkill, such as search string not found.

It is definable by users, and has a default defined thus

    define vars vederror(string);
        lvars string;
        if vedediting and iscaller(vedprocess) then

-- The procedure mishap ----------------------------------------------

This procedure is more complex. It has two forms of invocation

-- mishap(<args>, <integer>, <string>)
-- mishap(<string>, <list of args>)

These are equivalent provided that the number of arguments in the
list is the same as <integer>. In particular

    mishap(0, <string>)

is equivalent to

    mishap(<string>, [])

The <args> are used by -prmishap- (described below) to create the
"INVOLVING" line in standard error message formats.

-- What -mishap- does -------------------------------------------------

It first prints information about the error, using -prmishap- and then
aborts current processing, using -interrupt-. More precisely it

    (a) calls *PRMISHAP to print a mishap message (see HELP *SYSPRMISHAP)

    (b) calls the procedure held in the variable *INTERRUPT (which
        defaults to SETPOP, but is user-definable, and in VED is
        given the value -veddointerrupt- so that interrupting does
        not terminate VED)
and finally
    (c) calls *SETPOP, in case something has gone wrong with the
        call of INTERRUP. Normally the call of SETPOP never occurs
        because INTERRUPT has aborted the call of MISHAP.

-- Redefining prmishap ------------------------------------------------

-prmishap- is user definable, and should be assumed to be given
arguments thus

    prmishap(<string>, <list of culprits>)

The <string> will normally be the same as the string given to -mishap-
and the <list of culprits> will be derived from the other arguments
given to -mishap-. (See REF * MISHAPS)

The default value of -prmishap- is normally -sysprmishap-, except inside
VED, where it may be given the value -vedprmishap- (See below).

Users can define -prmishap- to print information in a form that is found
more convenient or appropriate.

In particular, a user-defined -prmishap- can prevent the call of
-interrupt- being effective, by itself using some other procedure to do
an abnormal exit to a preferred context, e.g. using exittto, or chainto.
See HELP * CONTROL/Abnormal

-- Using pop_default_prmishap to prevent prmishap being overridden ----

Inside VED, -prmishap- is given different standard values depending on
whether VED is currently obeying a "marked range" (see HELP * MARK/lmr),
or is in "immediate mode" (as described in HELP *IM). These values will
override a user-defined value of prmishap, unless the user assigns the
required procedure to -pop_default_prmishap- (e.g. in vedinit.p, or

E.g. in your init.p do

    define pop_default_prmishap(string, list);

    pop_default_prmishap -> prmishap;

-- Safety measures in -mishap- ----------------------------------------

User defined versions of -mishap- or -interrupt- can sometimes cause
errors, and this will lead to infinite error loops.

So if while invoking the user's -prmishap-, -mishap- is triggered again,
it locally sets the value of -prmishap- to be -sysprmishap-.

Similarly, -mishap- temporarily changes the values of other
user-assignable variables, like -cucharout- and -interrupt- for safety

In some situations the user's prmishap is not given a chance as there is
too great a risk of store being corrupted or infinite error loops, e.g.
when there is call stack overflow, or there is no more heap space
available, etc. In that case -sysprmishap- is run directly.

-- POPSYSCALL and the calling chain -----------------------------------

The default version of prmishap prints out the currently active
procedures in a line starting with 'DOING:'. However, it does not
print any procedure whose pdprops (normally holding the name of the
procedure) is -false-, or starts with 'sys' or starts with 'ved'.

This can be controlled by the variable -popsyscall-, whose default
value is false. If it is made TRUE, then procedures whose names
start with 'sys' or 'ved' will be included in the DOING list. If
the value is anything else, e.g. "1", then additional information
about nameless system procedures is printed out, but this will normally
be useless to ordinary users.

-- Error code abbreviations -------------------------------------------

Some mishap messages start with a string of letters representing a code
for the error. e.g. *ENP *ICA *IEAA *MSEP etc. By using the REF command
(in or out of VED), followed by the code, you can read an explanatory
file, which may help to make the error message clearer. E.g.


-- Further reading ----------------------------------------------------

See also

    *POPMISHAPS - variable holding a summary of error messages
    *PRMISHAP   - Prints error messages; user-redefinable
    *INTERRUPT  - On POP-11 interrupt procedures
    *SETPOP     - Resets the POP-11 system
    *POPSYSCALL  - controls inclusion in mishap messages of systems

    Detailed information about the error handler

--- C.all/help/mishap --------------------------------------------------
--- Copyright University of Sussex 1990. All rights reserved. ----------