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HELP VEDFILETYPES                                      A.Sloman July 1986

    [ [<condition> <action> <action> ...]
      [<condition> <action> <action> ...]
      [<condition> <action> <action> ...]
        ...... ]

This is a user-definable list of information telling VED how to assign
values to VED variables when a new file is created or a file is read in
from disk, or the name of a file already in the buffer is changed using
<ENTER> name. It has a default value that may be altered in the user's
vedinit.p file. (See HELP * INITIAL).

CONTENTS - (Use <ENTER> g to access required sections)


-- FORMAT OF VEDFILETYPES ---------------------------------------------

Each element of VEDFILETYPES is a list whose first element is a
condition and the remaining elements specify instructions to be
performed if the condition is satisfied by the file, or more precisely
by the path name of the file. For example, if initfoobaz is a procedure
then the list

    [['.foo' '.baz'] {vednotabs false} initfoobaz]

will tell VED that if a file name ends in '.foo' or '.baz' then
VEDNOTABS should be set false and the procedure initfoobaz run when the
file is created.

-- CONDITIONS ---------------------------------------------------------

A condition may take one of the following forms
1. a string:-
    the condition is satisfied if the string is a final substring of
    vedcurrent. If the string is empty (i.e. '') then ALL files will
    satisfy the condition (useful for defaults)

2. a procedure:-
    the condition is satisfied if the procedure returns a non-false
    result on being applied to vedpathname - the full name of the
    current file. (Of course, the procedure can ignore the name and
    decide on some other grounds what to do.)

3. a list of conditions:-
    the condition is satisfied if at least one of its elements is
    satisfied (they are tried from left to right)

4. a word whose recursive_valof is a condition of type 1 to 3:-
    the condition is satisfied if the value is satisfied according
    to 1, 2, or 3.

-- ACTIONS ------------------------------------------------------------

The tail of each element of VEDFILETYPES is a list of actions, where an
action may be one of the following:

1. A procedure:-
    The action is to execute the procedure

2. A two or three element vector, whose first element is a word:-
    {<variable> <value>} or {<variable> " <word>}
    In the first case, the <value> is assigned to the valof the
    first element, unless the <value> is itself a word, in which case
    its valof is assigned instead.
    If the vector has three elements and the second element is """ then
    the third element is assigned without being dereferenced.

3. A word whose valof is an action or list of actions:-
    The actions are treated as in 1 2 or 3.

If a word is used as a condition or an action, then if its valof is
also a word, then that is treated the same way, using the procedure
recursive_valof. This terminates when an appropriate valof is reached,
e.g. a string, a list, or a procedure.

However when a word is used as the second element of an action of type
2, i.e. a vector, then its valof is taken only ONCE to find the value
to be assigned. This is suppressed by preceding the word with '"'

-- DEFAULT VEDFILETYPES -----------------------------------------------

The default value of vedfiletypes will be something like this:

vars    vedfiletypes    =
        ;;; First the default case: the empty string will match any
        ;;; file name
        ['' {vednotabs ^true} {vedbreak ^true} {vedindentstep 4}]
        ['.p'           {subsystem "pop11}]
        [lispfiletypes  {subsystem "lisp}]
        ['.pl'          {subsystem "prolog}]
        [['.ml' '.sig'] {subsystem "ml}]
        [['.p' '.pl' lispfiletypes '.ml' '.sig'] {vedcompileable ^true}]
        [vednonbreakfiles {vedbreak ^false}]
        [is_ved_output_file {vedcompileable ^false}]

-vednonbreakfiles- is a user-assignable variable having the following
list as its default:

    vars vednonbreakfiles =
        ['.p' '.com' lispfiletypes '.pl' '.ml' '.sig'];

and -lispfiletypes- is defined by default as:

    vars lispfiletypes =
        ['.lsp' '.l' '.lisp' '.cl'];

Files whose names end with any of these suffixes will have VEDBREAK set
false, so VED will not automatically break a line if you type beyond the
edge of the screen. See HELP * VEDNONBREAKFILES.

The procedure -is_ved_output_file- tests whether the current file is an
"output" file, i.e. a file created by -ved_lmr- in which to display
program output. Such files have -vedcompileable- set false, so that they
don't get compiled by the <ENTER> C, <ENTER> L, or <ENTER> X commands.

-- EXAMPLE ------------------------------------------------------------

If you wished a procedure called "myinitialise" to be run whenever VED
creates a new file whose pathname includes 'test', you could define a

    define hastest(name);
        lvars name;

Then add "hastest" as a condition for triggering the action

    [^^vedfiletypes [hastest myinitialise] ]  -> vedfiletypes;

The procedure myinitialise will also be run when a file is renamed
to include 'test' in its path name.

Alternatively, use HASSUBSTRING partially applied to 'test',

        [^(hassubstring(%'test'%)) myinitialise] ]  -> vedfiletypes;

The procedures HASSTARTSTRING and HASENDSTRING are available also.

-- ENSURING DEFAULTS ARE CORRECT --------------------------------------

If a VED variable is not set by either vedveddefaults or vedfiletypes,
then when a new file is created it will simply inherit whatever value
previously existed. To ensure that certain values are always set as
defaults, start vedfiletypes with a rule whose condition is the empty
string and whose action sets the defaults. They may then be over-ridden
by later actions.

E.g. to make the default value of vednotabs TRUE, while setting it FALSE
for program files, put the following into vedfiletypes, in your
vedinit.p file:

    ['' {vednotabs true} ]   ;;; default case
    [['.p' '.pl' '.lsp'] {vednotabs false}]

 ] -> vedfiletypes;

To ensure that backup files in UNIX are treated the same way, the second
line could be

    [['.p' '.pl' '.lsp' '.p-' '.pl-' '.lsp-' ] {vednotabs false}]

since in UNIX VED creates backup files by appending "-" to the name.

-- HANDLING TABS: VEDNOTABS and VEDREADINTABS -------------------------

(Ignore this section if you are not familiar with the operation of
VEDNOTABS, or if you always make it FALSE.)

The global variable VEDNOTABS (which defaults to TRUE, since that has
been found most convenient for beginners), does not provide sufficiently
flexible control over the handling of tabs. (See HELP * VEDNOTABS).
Normally it is most convenient to have it FALSE for program files and
TRUE for other files. However, there are some non-program files for
which tabs should be preserved, and which are not easily recognised from
their file types, e.g. TROFF input, or SHELL command files. The problem
is that it is too late to make VEDNOTABS false AFTER a file has been
read in to VED, since the reading process may have converted tabs to
spaces. The variable VEDREADINTABS provides the extra flexibility
required. If you do (e.g. in your VED initialisation file):

    true -> vedreadintabs;

then no tabs will be converted to spaces when files are read in from the
disk, even if they are of a type for which you normally set VEDNOTABS
true. Moreover, if such a file is found to have any tabs, then VEDNOTABS
will automatically be set FALSE as soon as it is read in. This means

 (a) that any tabs you type will go into the file without conversion
 (b) when the file is written to disk, tabs will be preserved.


Whenever a VED file is first created or read in or given a new name,


is run, and then


The procedure VEDSETFILETYPES is available to the user and can be
applied to any other lists in the appropriate format. E.g. the user
might wish various actions to be performed after a file is read in,
in which case the procedure VEDINITIALISE could be defined thus:

    define vedinitialise(where_called);
        lvars where_called;

where VEDINITFILETYPES is a list in the same general form as
VEDFILETYPES, created by the user.

-- VEDVEDDEFAULTS vs VEDFILETYPES -------------------------------------

The procedure VEDVEDDEFAULTS can be used to achieve everything that can
be achieved by VEDFILETYPES. The main difference is that since the
latter is a data-structure it can relatively easily be partly altered
temporarily. E.g. VEDFILETYPES can be made local to a procedure and an
extra condition-action rule appended in that procedure to ensure that
whenever that procedure is running VED will behave slightly differently.

-- FURTHER INFORMATION ------------------------------------------------

See the following HELP files:

 * VEDVARS       - list of global VED variables
 * INITIAL       - general guidance on setting up POPLOG environment
 * VEDVEDDEFAULTS (see above)
 * VEDINITIALISE - a procedure run after a VED file is read in

--- C.all/help/vedfiletypes
--- Copyright University of Sussex 1990. All rights reserved. ----------